The Estate

Casa Emma

Located at the heart of Chianti Classico, at an altitude of 430m. above sea level, the vineyards of Casa Emma are surely among the greatest expressions that a land like Chianti Classico can offer.
The Bucalossi family bought the Estate from the Florentine noblewoman Emma Bizzarri.
They have maintained the name “Casa Emma” respecting the historical roots of this land.
Respect for nature, sustainability, attention to waste, has led us over the years to choose an organic viticulture management and use methods to preserve the beauty of our territory.

My Story

I spent every day in front of her.
It was beautiful and prevailing despite the dullness of abandonment for some years.
The old owners had decided for the comforts of Florence by abandoning the property.
Every day I passed by, even though I had to make another journey.
Despite its unjustified disorder, the farm was surrounded by vineyards, olive groves and an immense expanse of brooms: a blaze of colors and beauty that never get me tired.
Mine is a peasant story. My parents were farmers and I lived all my young age in the countryside. My life was hard, but were the years full of hope after having lived through the horrors of war.
I still remember the day I decided to make that gesture. So big to consider it so insane, but I couldn’t hide myself anymore. My wish was there, the farm was just waiting for a strong and faithful woman to be taken care of her.
It was in the morning on Thursday September 26th. 1969.
I picked up the phone and called the old owners asking them to buy the farm.
After 2 months of bureaucratic writing I bought the farm without my husband’s and my whole family’s knowledge. “He will understand … I said to myself !!” without much in-depth analysis.
Since that Thursday of 50 years ago, my wines are drunk and appreciated all over the world.

Every day we open the Estate to welcome so many visitors, because Casa Emma is the everyone’s home.
The house of women in a special way.
It takes courage to do what I did.
The courage that only women can express.
The courage of women to have the eyes of those who have gone through so many and the smile of those who have overcome them all.

Fiorella “ Emma ” Lepri

Casa Emma and its geology

The district of San Donato, situated in Chianti Classico region, is made up by Barberino Val d’Elsa and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa communes and shows all the important character of the west side of the CC appellation. Bordered at east by the hills that rise above 600mt close to the south of Castellina in Chianti district, creating a natural arch to the south-west, the area is well bounded and defined into the CC appellation. This sort of “hug” encloses an area affected by the mistral wind coming from Tirreno sea going to the northwest from the natural corridor of Monte Serra, between Pisa and Lucca. Winters are milder than the internal areas of Chianti Classico, summers cooler and more windy: this conditions allow usually, during the springtime, an early bud burst, longer ripening of the grapes and later harvest, that reflect in wines with great finesse and elegance, soft tannins with balanced acidity. Typical of the Mediterranean climate of this area are also the woods, where spontaneous cypresses and wild cypresses grow up, together with arboreal heather, laurel, arbutus.

The geology of this Chianti Classico area is really heterogeneous, but at the same time shares the same orogeny. The lifting of the hills, caused by the push of the Ligurian platform infiltrated form north-west under the Tuscan platform, is particularly evident in this area, situated exactly in the point of contact of the two platforms. The following natural action of the slope landslide, due to the lifting, allowed the rubbles slipping down and layering near the sea basin, forming sediment masses like the “Flysch” (alternating and friable succession of different lithological types, typical of this area) and Galestro (polychrome clay schists). Around the area, is it possible to see marly compact limestones emerging (like Alberese, typical of the Tuscan platform), sometimes alternated with sands and stratified sandstones. Is interesting to see how the sliding of the two platforms caused on the contact surface, the composition of blue clays that prevent the loss of water in the deep layers: this creates a natural availability of water, very important in droughty vintages because avoid the water stress.

Casa Emma, the geese and the project Chianti Classico Vignalparco

100% Sangiovese of a single vineyard of 2 hectares which gives the name to this wine cultivated exclusively with the precious help of our 80 domestic geese.
We use them throughout the vegetative period; the first analysys on this vineyard show a surprising increase of organic substance, nitrogen, potassium, magnesium and cation exchange capacity.
In addition to the function of soil fertilization, the geese work very well on grass control among the rows, and in the control of insects harmful for the vine; infact the geese feed both grass and insects with a capacity to ingestion of these last during all hours of the day.With the insertion of the geese, we have reduced for the 80% the passageways of tractors and other mechanical vehicles, reducing them to the minimum for only phytosanitary treatments as stricltly necessary. In doing this, we have solved the problem of soil compaction of this vineyard which was particurarly stressed in the past.Since 2015 no tractors and mechanical vehicles has entered in this vineyard anymore, and we have seen that the roots of the Vignalparco Sangiovese have the opportunity to better explore the soil in search of nutrients and lead to an excellent ripening of the grapes from the phenolic structure.